This project examined how the competing ideologies of slavery shaped life and politics in Sierra Leone in the 19th and 20th centuries. Based on an examination of the concepts of slavery in the pre-colonial period, the book shows how the relationship between the colony of Sierra Leone and the surrounding communities was influenced by different conceptions of slavery and emancipation. In the early 20th century, the extension of colonial rule to the protectorate of Sierra Leone introduced a new framework for the ideology of slavery and emancipation. The ensuing, sometimes violent, struggles for slave status culminated in the legal abolition of slavery in 1928, but the legacy of slavery and its ideologies remained. Slavery was closely linked to family life and local politics. It was an organizing principle of large households, stimulating the production of staple foods and cash crops, and playing an important role in the politics of honor and status. Beyond abolition, it remained both a system of labor control and an ideology about how social and economic life should be ordered. Christine Whyte has published several journal articles resulting from this research and is currently working on a monograph entitled Struggles over Slavery: Abolition, Emancipation and Empire in Sierra Leone 1833-1928. Separation is another legal process in which we have a lot of experience and expertise. We are both qualified collaborative practitioners (and members of the International Academy of Collaborative Practitioners), which allows us to offer a more holistic approach to separation and give our clients the opportunity to achieve quick settlements that work for everyone involved. Using an interdisciplinary approach that combines historical archaeology and Atlantic history through a black feminist lens, my work strives to expose or theorize subtle and symbolic forms of black resistance, particularly through everyday practices. Through archaeological and zooarchaeological analysis, I conceptualize slave cooking and black diets in general as daily subsistence practices conducted during and after slavery as a meaningful cultural practice in conjunction with social power and as a transformative form of black resistance to identity formation and social change. In addition, I place the role of black women in subsistence practices at the center of Caribbean identity production, which provides an alternative narrative and link between slave food routes, resistance, and identity formation for Caribbean communities.

My current research examines a careful reading of digitized primary sources to examine how free women of color on the island of St. Vincent negotiated their limiting position in colonial society by manipulating the cultural sphere of an expanded plantation economy for social mobility and economic independence through the legal ownership of black slaves. In addition to my research interests on Black Atlantic experiences, creating impactful and publicly accessible research outputs that attract interested academics, policymakers, and local and international audiences is integrated into my practice. Over the past fourteen years, I have worked strategically with various academic, media, and cultural organizations to create events and learning opportunities that serve to boost public engagement to make African diaspora issues more inclusive for underserved audiences. We are supported by our friendly and hard-working staff, all of whom have been working in the legal profession for a long time. As a practice, we believe in a people-centred approach to law, where respect for the individual and open and honest representation achieve the best results. As part of a book project on the history of coffee cultivation in Angola, I examine the role of slavery and forced labor in the Angolan economy from the early nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries. While coffee is often associated with forced labor in the historical literature on Angola, the link is actually remarkably understudied. One of my research questions concerns the importance of slavery for the early expansion of commercial agriculture in Angola. Slaves were the dominant workforce in the first Portuguese coffee plantations, beginning in the 1830s, but they were also incorporated into the households of small African coffee producers. After the abolition of slavery in the Portuguese Empire in 1875, the Portuguese colonial state created a series of legal frameworks that allowed Africans to work on plantations under various conditions of servitude until Angola`s independence in 1975.